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  Fire Department
       
   

Fire Home Safety Inspection

Garage Area
Kitchen Area
Living Area
Bedrooms and Hallways
Develop an Escape Route

Keep A Fire Safe Home

Use these guidelines for home inspection. The life you save may be your own!

Garage Area
The water heater should be 18" off the garage floor and strapped to the wall with easy access to gas shut off. Do not hang or store flammable materials on or near the water heater.

Flammable and combustible liquids and gases should be stored away from heat or spark producing equipment. It would be better to store them in a shed or an out building.

Don't overload electrical cords or circuits. Never use frayed or damaged extension cords. Use only the proper gauge extension cord for the job, typically a 12 or 14 gauge for heavy-duty use.

Safely store pesticides, fertilizers, cleaning agents and building supplies on level and secure shelving.

Consider what may happen in an earthquake if these materials were to fall or spill. Read labels to check for product incompatibility with other products and store accordingly. Keep out of the reach of small children!

Keep a fire extinguisher inside the garage near an exit. The extinguisher should be a multi-purpose dry chemical type with a minimum rating of 2A-10BC.

Keep the clothes dryer and dryer vent clean and free from excess lint.

If gasoline must be stored, do it in an approved safety can and remote from all ignition sources.

Check the garage door's operation and safety features often. Small children can be injured or killed by an improperly working garage door.
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Kitchen Area
Keep the stove, oven and hood vent free of grease and dirt buildup.

Don't use the stovetop for added counter space.

Turn cooking handles to the outside away from the front of the cook top to keep out of the reach of children and avoid accidental spills.

When cooking on a stovetop, always have the lid of the pot or pan that is in use close at hand. The lid can be used to smother a food or grease fire.

Properly store all cleaning agents, check label for health hazard and flammability and store accordingly.

Do not leave kitchen appliances on when no one is home.

Always use a timer when using the oven.

Install a multi-purpose dry chemical fire extinguisher in the kitchen.
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Living Area
When possible, replace extension cords with surge suppressing power strips that are equipped with a circuit breaker.

Secure furniture and entertainment equipment to wall or floor to prevent damage or injury. This will help if there are climbing children in the home as well as earthquake prevention.

Keep the fireplace in good working condition. Burn only dry seasoned wood or commercial fire logs. Do not burn garbage, plastics, grass or Christmas tree trimmings. Keep all combustible material at least 36" away from fireplace opening.

Keep matches out of the reach of children.

Make sure all exits from the home are clear - not blocked by stored items or furniture.
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Bedrooms and Hallways
A working smoke detector reduces the risk of dying in a home fire by nearly half.

Don't smoke in bed! Dispose of smoking materials in a metal container - not in a wastebasket.

Keep at least one smoke detector on every level of a home. There should be a smoke detector in all hallways that lead to sleeping areas and in each bedroom. Smoke detectors should be checked each month and the batteries replaced on an annual basis or as recommended by the manufacturer.

Doors and windows should be in good working condition. A door can be used to slow fire and smoke spread. Windows can be used as a means of escape in the event of severe fire and smoke conditions.
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Develop an Escape Route
The speed of fire is phenomenal. During the first minute of a fire it spreads at a 100% rate, in two minutes, 300%, and in four minutes, 1100%. This is all the time a family has to wake up and get out. It's the lack of time that kills! That is why an escape plan is imperative.

Create at least two different escape routes for each family member and practice them with the entire family. When practicing the escape, close doors behind the last person. Closed doors slow the spread of fire. Also, crouch down low for 'cleaner air' and to avoid breathing in smoke.

Make sure children understand that a smoke detector signals a home fire and that they recognize its alarm.

Have a designated meeting place outside and make sure all members of the family know the location.

When all members of the family are outside, STAY OUTSIDE. Under no circumstance should anyone go back into the home during a fire. Call the fire department from a neighbor's house.

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